consists of two words namely, Ayu and Veda. Ayu
means life, which is a proper combination of the body,
mind, sense organs and the soul. Veda means knowledge.
Veda says that all things in this world animate or inanimate
are composed of five primary states of matter and energy, called
concised the Pancha Bhutas into tridoshas called Vata, Piththa
and Vayu Bhutas enter into the constitution of VATA.
Tejas enters into the constitution
While Prithivi and
Ap Bhutas enter into the structure of KAPHA.
in a person these three doshas are in their natural rhythm,
that means when they are in a properly balanced state he is
at ease, which is called Samyavastha (well being). When this
rhythm is disturbed, that means when the balance of the doshas
is lost he is at disease, which is called Vaishamya. The former
is order while the later is disorder. Therefore, Ayurvedic treatments
aim at keeping the doshas in equilibrium.
treatment has three steps.
Treating the Causes
Pancha Karma is a synonym for cleansing
or purification process called Samshodhana. To treat a patient
without first cleansing him is like painting on a dirty cloth
or dying on an unclean and dirty canvas picked up from a dustbin.
The Cleansing is done by:
(Enema –Urethral, Vaginal and Utrine douches and irrigations)
Nasya or Sirovirechana (Nasal Administration
of medicine, errhines)
Raktamokshana (Bloodletting by
venesection and leeches)
means FIVE KARMAS meaning FIVE TREATMENTS.
Depending on the disease the cleansing is done by suitable
karmas from these five karmas.
are certain preliminary measures to be carried out known as
“Purva Karma” previous to the Pancha karma treatments proper.
They consist of Sneha and Sweda. Sneha is an administration
of certain oily and greasy preparations like ghee, oil etc.,
both internally and externally. This has the property of softening
and separating the morbid matters that
stick to the tissues. Sweda is a method of producing perspiration
by means of dry or moist heat hot baths etc., which bring the
waste products to certain parts of the body as stomach, intestines
etc., from where they can be removed by emetics, purgatives
etc. Sweda also clears out the impurities from the body through
the above Panchakarmas are performed the administration of certain
drugs and diets is required to assist nature in restoring the
doshas, dhatus etc., to their normal state and keeping them
healthy. These constitute ‘Pashchath Karma’.
To follow these entire regimens properly, the patient should
be in the hospital as an inpatient. As a general rule, the Pashchath
Karma regimen is to be observed for double the time that was
required for the conduction of the Panchakarma.
following treatments are done with high efficiency in Dr. Rao’s
Ayurveda and Yoga Centre at Puttaparthi:
Snehana (Internal Oleation)
Snehana (External Oleation)
Lepa, Udvarthana, Unmardhana, Barisheka, Samvashana, Gandusha,
Murdha Thaila, Akshitarpana / Netra Tarpan, Nasatarpana, Karna
poorana, Masthiskya, Sneha avagahana, Shiropichu, Shirodhara,
Shiro vasthi, Kati vasthi, Ekanga vasthi, Kawala graha.
swedana, Bhaspa Swedana, Awagaha Swedana, Pinda Swedam, patra
Virechana Karma, Anuvasana Vashti, Niruha vasthi, Madhu thailika
vasthi, Lekhana vasthi, Ksheera vasthi, Piccha vasthi, Yoga
vasthi, Karma vasthi.
- Rakta mokshana besides Rasayana and Vajikarana treatments.
Dhara is pouring
of medicated fluids in a stream. According to the regions or
parts where Dhara is done, it is called by different names Moordhanyam
– that done for the head. (Siro Dhara) Sarvangeeyam - that done
all over the body and head. Pradesikam - that done locally to
a particular affected part.
of medicated fluids in a stream to the head)
(The fluid will be selected according to the patient’s problem)
Psycho neurosis, Early insanity,
Epilepsy, Hysteria, Hemiplegia, Pyknolepsy, Facial paralysis,
some diseases of the head, some eye diseases, some ear diseases,
Maxillary sinusitis, Maxillary hypertrophic rhinitis, Parkinsonian
syndrome, Peripheral neuritis, Thrombosis, Spastic paraplegia,
Neurasthenia, Nerualgia, Muscular paralysis etc.,
becomes relaxed and stable, Body gets strengthened, Memory &
IQ improves, Voice becomes melodious, Skin becomes smoother,
Eye disorders get reduced, Diseases pertaining to sukra (sperm)
Arthavam (fluids concerned with menstruation) and hormones will
be reduced. Blood gets nourished, Sleep improves, and Aging
a certain column of medicated Sneham in contact with scalp for
a prescribed period)
all Vata disorders of the head especially in severe Headache
and Migraine, deafness, earache, tinnitis. Vata type of
eye diseases, Insomania, Giddiness, Dryness of mouth and nose,
Facial paralysis, some cases of Hemiplegia and all diseases
of cerebral nerves and blood vessels.
of medicated oil on the whole body followed by light massage)
vata rogas. Sosham (fatigue). Hemiplegia, Skin diseases, stiffness
of muscles and joints, loss of sensation and cramps in parts,
Gulmam (gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, pyloric obstruction,
chronic salphingitis, cystitis, chronic myelitis).
Removes the changes of old age,
fatigue and increase in vata, gives strength and vitality.
Makes skin soft supple.
Healthy persons also can undergo
the procedure every year to prevent diseases and reduce aging.
(Keeping of medicated oil or decoction
on the Kati region with the help of Masha Pishti for certain
ache, thoracic pain, cervical spondylosis, Lumbar spondylitis,
protrusion of intravertibral disc, amkylosing spondylitis, Sciatica
– SWEDAM(Navarakkizhi, Sankara Sweda, Sastikasali Pinda Swedam)
(Massage with boiled
medicated rice or some other grains along with medicated warm
oils, in the form of bundles)
Monoplegia, Paraplegia, Polio, Emaciation, Fatigue, Muscular
pains, Osteo arthritis, Pain and stiffness in joints, restricted
joint movements. Chronic rheumatism, Neuralgia, peptic ulcers,
certain skin diseases.
Application of medicated paste on the scalp)
of the Head, falling of hair, head ache, burning sensation skin
diseases of the head, alopecia, diseases of eye, ear, nose,
skin and hair, weakness, mental faculties, giddiness, loss of
memory, insomnia and insanity. It is mainly used in Vata types
emptiness of head.
the five senses.
clearness of the brain and eyes.
the skin and roots of hair.
burning sensations and puritus, psychic disorders will be cured.
ghee on the eye balls for a specific period contained by a dam
constructed around the eye sockets with Masha pishti)
all conditions of defective vision and eye infection.
nourishment to the eye, removes strain and improves vision.
to medicated smoke originated from different drugs relevant
to the ailments, especially in psychosomatic diseases etc.
is also done on different parts of the skin for certain diseases.
of drugs through nostrils)
almost all the diseases of the head as easily as a vein of grass
is removed from its blade. It purges and rejuvenates the tissues
and organs of the head and neck.
Stiffness of the head, neck, teeth and jaw. Chronic sinusitis,
allergies, chronic vascular headaches, migraine, epilepsy, diseases
of the brain and mental retardation. Chronic coryza, uvalitis,
tonsillitis, cataract, diseases of the eye lid, hemi crania,
diseases of the mouth, nose, ear, eyes, facial paralysis, hysteria,
hoarseness of voice, aphonia, stammering, tooth ache and other